November 30th – Day of Tuscany

Peter Leopold of Lorraine

Peter Leopold of Lorraine – Date of birth: 1747; Date of death: 1792

Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790, Peter Leopold carried out many major political, economic and administrative reforms. He began the drainage of the marshlands of the Maremma near Siena and the Valdichiana.

But most relevant was his decision to abolish death penalty in Tuscany…

On 30 November 1786, after having de facto blocked capital executions (the last was in 1769), Leopold promulgated the reform of the penal code that abolished the death penalty and ordered the destruction of all the instruments for capital execution in his land.

Torture was also banned.

In 2000 Tuscany’s regional authorities instituted an annual holiday on 30 November to commemorate the event.

The event is also commemorated on this day by 300 cities around the world celebrating the Cities for Life Day.

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